Study Methods 

The majority of the courses consist of lectures and a written exam. However, there are also a variety of other study methods available for students. For example, there are courses that require essays or other types of written work. The course selection also includes seminar courses.

Course descriptions with study methods and course requirements are in WebOodi.


Most of the courses offer 10–15 hours of lectures. For some courses lectures are not obligatory, and it is possible to take the course only by attending the exam.

However, lectures are always strongly recommended. Also, some courses (for example seminars) require active participation.

The lectures are interactive, and often include group assignments and discussion.


All examinations require pre-registration in WebOodi. Registration needs to be completed 10 days before the exam at the latest. Usually there are four exam dates available for each course per academic year.  The examinations on general examination days will take place in the Carelia Building, room C1, either on Monday evenings between 16.00-20.00 or on Friday mornings between 8.00-12.00. Please keep your student card or identification card with you when you are taking part in an exam. Note that different UEF faculties and departments have different exam practices.

Registration for the exam is the student's responsibility; please remember to register in time.
Exam questions are normally in the form of an essay questions (two pages per question), smaller "explanation" questions or case studies. Usually, the exams focus on key concepts and ideas.

Come to the exams well prepared. If you have not read the required exam reading, you are not well prepared! Not being able to get hold of the books in time is not a valid argument for not reading the books.
•    There is a limited number of exam books available in the university library.
•    Plan and schedule your studies, and look for and reserve your books in time.
•    Learn how to use the search facilities and the e-services and e-sources available via the university library.


Part of the course requires the writing of an essay. For some courses, students can also choose to write an essay instead of taking an exam.

An essay is a deliberative text, drawn up using legal sources (laws, regulations, case law, travaux préparatoires, etc.) as well as source books. However, the essay should also include the author's own ideas, views, thoughts and analysis. An essay should be a well-structured entity, which clearly expresses the author's familiarity with the topic. The essay topic must always be agreed upon with the responsible supervisor. Supervisors can also give special instructions and deadlines for the essays.

The recommended length of the essay is approximately 10 pages (not including cover page, appendixes, references, etc.). The technical requirements of the essay are defined in the Academic Legar Writing Guide.

Learning diary

A learning diary could be offered as an additional study method. With a learning diary, a student can gain extra points for the exam.

A learning diary:

Helps you to become more conscious of your learning – what you have learnt and how you have progressed. It is a "learning tool".
Reflects on significant experiences associated with your learning – what was particularly interesting/motivating/relevant/confusing/difficult, etc.?
Develops your argumentation skills.

What to write?
•    Take notes on the lectures – but note that a learning diary is not a copy of everything said in the lectures.
•    Choose a few topics that you would like to elaborate on (topics that are interesting/motivating/relevant/confusing/difficult, etc.).
•    Describe the matters/concepts/theories in order to gain a better understanding and explain how you have gained better understanding.
•    Criticise and argue – but also, remember to give full reasons for your criticism!
•    Record your thoughts and opinions about the lectures as such.
•    Illustrate with your own examples (you can add some news items, articles, etc. if you think they are related to the issue).


"Academic Legal Writing"  - WRITING GUIDE FOR STUDENTS
(please download here the .pdf-file)